Different treatment methods can be adopted to treat anemia caused by chronic kidney failure and patients can receive different treatment effects with different therapy. The followings are the several common medical measures for anemia in chronic kidney failure.
1. Drug therapy
Many medicines can be used to manage anemia in cases of chronic kidney failure and common medicines include cobalt chloride, rHuEpo, testosterone supplements and so on. These medicines can help to remit renal anemia effectively, and when illness condition is improved, patients need to adjust their medicine dose. Besides, some of them may cause side effect, so taking some measures to prevent them in advance is very necessary.
2. Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion is another treatment method for renal anemia and usually adopted by patients with hemoglobin lower than 70g/L, heart failure caused by anemia, angina or hemorrhage of digestive tract. Blood transfusion helps to remit renal anemia effectively, but meanwhile it increases patient’s risk for infection and the likelihood of developing sensitivity to major histocompatibility antigens, lessening the chances for successful kidney transplantation.
Dialysis is helpful for remitting renal anemia, but it shows mild treatment effects. Kidneys help to secret erythropoietin (EPO) which is the necessary for the generation of red blood cells. When kidneys are damaged seriously, less EPO are produced and also renal anemia is caused. Besides, for patients with chronic kidney failure, toxins in their blood shorten the life span of red blood cells, which to some extent worsen renal anemia. Therefore, when toxins in the blood are removed, renal anemia is alleviated. However, as dialysis can not help kidneys secrete much more EPO, renal anemia can not be treated fundamentally.
To be honest, Immunotherapy is not created to renal anemia, but chronic kidney failure. Chronic kidney failure progresses because more and more renal intrinsic cells are damaged and become necrotic. Damaged kidneys fail to produce enough EPO, so renal anemia is caused. With Immunotherapy, injured renal intrinsic cells in chronic kidney failure can be repaired and as long as much more renal cells display kidney function, much more EPO will be produced and also renal anemia is remitted from the root.
All the above treatment methods can be used to deal with renal anemia, but they show different treatment effects. For chronic kidney failure patients, renal anemia occurs because of damaged kidneys, so only when kidney function is improved, can renal anemia be treated well.
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