Since kidneys have great compensatory abilities that many patients do not have obvious symptoms or discomforts until their kidneys have been severely damaged or in some cases patients may have developed kidney failure.
To treat kidney failure effectively, we need to know how does kidney failure occur so as to know how to prevent further deterioration and reverse renal damages.
Diabetes, hypertension, glomerulonephritis and kidney failure
The most common causes of kidney failure are diabetes, hypertension and chronic glomerulonephritis. We know that functioning part of the kidneys are made up of tiny blood vessels. Long-term poorly controlled high blood pressure and high blood sugar will cause the kidneys to overwork to filter more blood. Long term of heavy loads to the kidneys can damage blood vessels in the kidneys and cause the kidneys to lose its proper functions.
Chronic glomerulonephritis means that renal glomeruli are injured or damaged that they can not function well. As a result, wasteful products can not be discharged and many useful substances such as protein, red blood cells will be leaked out resulting in bubble urine, blood urine, swelling, high blood pressure high creatinine and BUN, etc.
Polycystic kidney disease and kidney failure
PKD is another major cause that develop into kidney failure, though it takes relatively longer time than other diseases. PKD is a hereditary and congenital disease and the majority of patients have family history of the disease. Patients have multiple cysts in their kidneys and these cysts will continue to grow and enlarge. Normal renal tissues will be replaced, renal structures will be damaged and renal functions will be gradually lost.
It seems that some patients are born with weak kidneys and they are more susceptible to have renal injuries and renal damages. Though it may not be the major part, genetic factors do have certain role in causing renal failure. It is not rare to find such cases like gene mutation, born with one kidney, etc.
Infections and kidney failure
Though infection is not a serious illness condition, it is not easy to treat when the kidneys are affected. But the good thing is that it can be cured with timely and proper treatment, but the key point is to have thorough treatment which can not only treat the infections but also can repair damaged renal tissues or the renal damages will spread to other tissues.
Medicines and kidney failure
It may alarm you to know that medicines can cause kidney failure though you may know that every medicines have more or less side effects to the body. The common drugs that can cause renal damages or even renal failure include aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, therefore it is necessary to know which kind of medicines you are allergic to and what kind of side effects the medicines you are taking will have.
Whatever the underlying cause, renal failure is due to loss of kidney functions which is caused by damaged renal tissues, therefore treating renal failure should aim at repairing renal damages and improving kidney functions.
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