In stage 1 Chronic Kidney Failure, kidney function is normal but there is some other evidence of kidney disease. In stage 2 there is mildly decreased renal function, with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 60 to 89 mmol/min/1.73m2. In the two stages, there are no symptoms to indicate kidney disease. Because the kidneys can do a good job even when they are not functioning at 100%, most people even don't know they have stage 1 or stage 2 Chronic Kidney Failure(CRF). If people do find they are in stage 1 or 2 Chronic Kidney Failure, it is often detected during tests for other medical conditions such as Diabetes and high blood pressure (both of the two are leading causes of kidney failure).
Other tests that can help to detect stage 1 and stage 2 chronic kidney failure also include the follows:
﹡Elevated levels of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
﹡Renal imaging tests such as B-ultrasound, MRI, x-ray test, contrast X-ray
﹡Genetic finding for some types of kidney disorders, such as Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)
﹡Urine testing indicates blood and protein in urine
Regular testing for blood and protein in urine and serum creatinine helps to know whether kidney damage is deteriorating. It is recommended that people with stage 1 and 2 Chronic Kidney Failure (CRF) live healthy lifestyle so as to slow down progression of kidney damages. The basic healthy care guidelines mainly include the follows:
1.Eat healthily for your kidney health:
﹡Add more fiber from fresh fruits and vegetables, and whole-grain bread, such as whole grain bread and high-fiber cereal
﹡Make a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol and moderate in total fats
﹡Have less processed and refined foods which are rich in sodium and sugar
﹡Keep the protein intake within the recommended level for healthy people, that is, 0. 8 gram per kilogram per day
﹡Eat adequate calories and exercise regularly for a healthy body weight
﹡Cut off sodium intake to 1,500 to 2,300mg/day
﹡ Eat less red meat; Instead, have more lean poultry and seafood (limit to 6 ounces or less per day, based on the dietary requirements).
2. Keep your blood pressure at healthy range:
125/75 for Diabetics
130/85 for non-diabetics and non-proteinuria
125-75 for non-diabetics and proteinuria
﹡Take medicines as prescribed by an expert doctor and avoid Nephrotoxic medicines
﹡Limit alcohol consumption
﹡Regular checkups for your kidney condition
With stage 1 and 2 chronic kidney failure, there are very few symptoms so the patients don't feel anything different. However, any positive treatment and lifestyle changes can help preserve the kidney functions and keep the kidneys healthier longer.