Many patients of stage 4 chronic kidney disease may have experienced the symptom of swelling or edema in eyelids, face, hands, lower legs, ankles and even the whole body. Why does this symptom occur and what you can do about it? I will give the reason and some advice for you as follows:
First, I will tell you what causes swelling or edema. Patients’ kidneys stop working properly in stage 4 and lose the ability to excrete excess fluid and sodium out of the body, which can lead to the retention of fluid and sodium. Thus, if you do not treat it timely, the build-up fluid will cause swelling in eyelids, face, lower legs, and even the whole body. When fluid retention spreads to lung, some discomforts like shortness of breath will occur. Besides, aside from the above reason, severe leakage of protein in urine is another possible causes for patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease to experience edema. Large amounts of protein leak into urine, leading to decrease of plasma osmotic pressure, as a result of which, fluid get into surrounding body tissues and lead to fluid retention.
Second, the following will tell you what you can eat and what you can not eat to slow down the progression of chronic kidney disease.
1. Eat less salted foods
In stage 4 chronic kidney disease, the damaged kidneys fail to excrete excess sodium into the urine from the body, leading to swelling. Eating too much salted foods will aggravate swelling and worsen kidney condition. Besides, high-salt foods also trigger high blood pressure. For these reasons, eating less salted foods like fast food, frozen meals, canned soups, vegetables, lunch meats, pickle, bacon and cheese is very helpful for preventing both swelling and high blood pressure.
2. Balance the protein intake
Protein is an essential substance for human health. High protein intake will increase kidney burden and worsen protein leakage which can trigger swelling. For this reason, founding out how much protein to ingest everyday is very essential. For patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease, they are generally suggested to ingest 0.4grams of protein intake per kilogram body weight per day. Also, 60% of the protein they eat should be high quality protein which can be found in lean meat, egg white, fish and milk.
In the above, we just give a brief introduction about the causes and dietary tips for edema in stage 4 chronic kidney disease, and hope it can help you a lot. Lastly, if you have any problems or questions, please consult our on line doctor or leave a message to us: firstname.lastname@example.org. We will give a reply within 48 hours.
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