Firstly, it is necessary to find out the causes of electrolyte imbalance in stage 5 kidney failure.
In stage 5 kidney failure, the badly impaired kidneys will not be able to function normally, simultaneously, electrolyte disturbance will occur. And the most significant performance are calcium and potassium.
What are the manifestations of electrolyte imbalance?
1. Affect heart function, lead to various arrhythmias or even heart arrest.
2. Contribute to skeletal muscle dysfunction, aching pain, muscle weakness, paralysis.
3. Lead to acidosis.
Normally, it manifest as muscle cramps, numbness. In serious cases, discomforts including tetany, bronchial spasm, epilepsy, laryngeal spasm or even respiratory tract may occur.
People with chronic hypocalcemia may not present symptoms, however, dry skin, baldness, tooth loss, osteoporosis or even bone fracture may be associated with long-term hypocalcemia.
The main performance of hyperphosphatemia is metastatic calcification. As high levels of phosphate will combine the calcium in the blood and locate in various parts of the body. And below are some of the examples:
Skin or subcutaneous tissue: itchy skin
Cornea: banded corneal tumor
Joint: tendinitis or arthritis
Vessel wall: permanent cerebral artery occlusion
In addition, calcifications can also appear in heart, kidney, brain tissue. Thereby, irregular heart beat, valvular heart disease, pulmonary fibrosis or cerebropathy can be triggered.
Through the explanation of the above-mentioned content, we sincerely hope stage 5 kidney failure patients can benefit a lot. To bring electrolyte disturbance under control, early steps should be taken, for instance, follow a scientific diet, take effective treatments and regular exercises, etc. If you want to know more, please email us firstname.lastname@example.org or consult with our Live Doctor directly.
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