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How To Protect Kidney In Patients With Renal Insufficiency

2018-08-28 16:29

Renal Insufficiency,Protect KidneyUremia is terrible. How can renal dysfunction protect some residual renal function instead of developing more seriously?

1. There must be a reasonable intake of protein. Metabolites in the body are mainly derived from dietary protein components, so protein intake must be compatible with the kidney's excretive capacity in order to reduce the workload of the remaining kidneys. For example, when serum creatinine is 170-440 micromoles/litre, protein per kilogram of body weight per day 0.6 grams is appropriate, a large number of proteinuria, each loss of 1 gram of urinary protein, an additional 1.5 grams of protein can be added. When serum creatinine exceeds 440 micromoles/L, protein intake should be further reduced, with the total daily dose not exceed 30 grams. However, it must be emphasized that if the pursuit of limiting protein intake will lead to malnutrition, physical decline, the effect is not good.

2. In order to maximize the use of protein intake and not allow it to be converted into energy consumption, low-protein diets must be supplemented with energy. Daily weight of at least 35 kilocalories per kilogram of calories, mainly supplied by sugar, can eat fruit, sucrose products, chocolate, jam, honey and so on.

3. It is worth noting that although some foods meet the preceding conditions, such as egg yolk, meat floss, animal viscera, dairy products, bone marrow and so on, but because of their high phosphorus content is not edible, because the retention of phosphorus can further deteriorate the function of the kidney. In order to reduce the phosphorus content in food, fish, meat, potatoes, etc., should be boiled and discarded before further cooking.

4. The amount of salt should depend on the condition of the disease, such as hypertension, edema, should use a low-salt diet, 2 grams of salt a day.

5. Drugs excreted through the kidney may also damage the kidney, such as gentamicin, sulfonamide antibiotics, penicillin, indomethacin, paracetamol, hormones, contrast agents and so on.

In addition, if there is hypertension, diabetes, infection, we must strictly prevent these diseases from damaging the kidneys.

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