What is the diet for people with stage 5 renal failure? Once kidneys failed to work properly, our daily diet will be different from those with healthy kidneys, as what we eat affect our kidney condition directly. Well then, for people with stage 5 renal failure, what should they pay attention to?
The followings are the diet information that stage 5 renal failure patients need to know:
1. Ingest high quality protein
For people with stage 5 renal failure, reducing protein intake will help to reduce kidney burden. However, protein is one of the essential nutrition for our body and extremely low protein intake will cause high consumption of muscle. For this reason, knowing how much protein to ingest everyday is very necessary. Generally, for stage 5 renal failure patients who have not started dialysis, 0.2grams of protein per pound of body weight per day is suitable. And for these who are on dialysis, 1.2grams of protein per pound of body weight is necessary. High quality protein can provide our body the essential amino acid and meanwhile producing less wastes. Therefore, 60% of the protein ingested by patients with stage 5 renal failure should be high quality protein which can be found in milk, egg white, fish and lean meat.
2. Ingest adequate calories
Ingesting adequate calories will help to reduce the production of nitrogenous wastes. Seeing from this angle, foods like peanut oil, soybean oil, lotus root starch, crystal sugar, honey, fruit drops and various desserts are beneficial to some extent. But please remember to limit the intake of these foods.
3. Pay attention to fluid intake
When kidneys fail to filter blood and produce urine, excess fluid pile up in the body, which can increase the load to heart. Under such a condition, patients will be at high risk for high blood pressure, heart failure, weight gain, cough, shortness of breath, headache and so on. Therefore, limiting fluid intake is a must for stage 5 renal failure patients. And in clinic, they generally need to ingest 500ml more fluid than their urine output. (In some cases, patients may found it is very hard to limit fluid intake, if you are facing this problem, you can leave message to firstname.lastname@example.org to get related tips that can help to remit thirst without drinking water)
4. Eat less salt
Eating too much salt not only elevates blood pressure, but also cause trigger fluid retention. Therefore, for patients with stage 5 renal failure, avoiding foods like pickles, can, bacon, barbecue and many other high salt foods is very beneficial.
5. Pay attention to potassium intake and phosphorus intake
For stage 5 renal failure patients, they are running high risk for high potassium level and high phosphorus level. If lab tests show elevated potassium level and phosphorus level, foods like banana, spinach, dried apricots, salmon, avocados, white mushrooms, cheese and nuts should be avoided or at least limited.
The above is related diet information for patients with stage 5 renal failure. We offer online service and if there is anything unclear, please feel free to consult our consultant online.
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