Kidney failure, along with tumor, diabetes and cerebrovascular disease, has become one major threaten to human health and it is a pity that many kidney failure patients do not even know how long they have the disease, nor do they know what is the underlying cause of their kidney failure.
And many kidney disease hospitals do not even make clear the cause of the patient’ kidney failure before prescribing medicines or offering treatments. This is because their treatments are only symptomatic which can only reduce edema, proteinuria without solving the root problems, that is why the disease is easy to relapse and the illness conditions will last for long time and in the end will become even worse.
For effective curative effects and quicker recovery, we need to know what is the root cause of kidney damages so as to have more targeted and effective treatments. For different causes, the treatment plan should also be different.
Acute renal failure
The possible and common causes of acute renal failure are inadequate blood supply to the kidneys (due to scratches or burn), obstructions in the kidneys or renal toxicity drugs, etc.
Chronic renal failure
Chronic renal failure can be converted from acute renal failure if acute renal injuries are not treated properly and timely. Besides, there are a variety of diseases and pathological conditions that can cause chronic renal failure. The following are the main causes.
·glomerular diseases including IgA nephropathy, FSGS, diabetic nephropathy, hypertensive nephropathy, lupus nephritis, etc.
·chronic pyelonephritis, uric acid nephropathy, obstructive nephropathy as well as kidney damages due to long term intake of certain drugs such as aristolochic acid nephropathy.
·renal vascular diseases such as aneurysm, renal artery embolization, renal thrombus and renal arteriovenous fistula, etc.
·hereditary kidney diseases such as polycystic kidney disease and hereditary nephritis, etc.
In developed countries, diabetic nephropathy and hypertensive arteriolosclerosis and in developing countries these two causes still follow primary glomerulonephritis. Ischemic nephropathy due to bilateral renal artery stenosis or occlusion is one important cause of chronic renal failure especially in elderly patients.
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