Stage 4 chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a severe stage of kidney disease with the glomerular filtration rat falling at 15-30ml/min. Severely damaged kidneys can lead to a series of symptoms. As kidney function decline wastes products build up in the blood. In stage 4 a person is likely to develop complications of kidney disease such as high blood pressure anemia and poor appetite. Under such condition, how does poor appetite occur?
Causes of poor appetite in stage 4 CKD
The healthy kidneys have the ability to excrete waste products and toxicity out of the body, which makes you feel comfortable. However, patients’ kidneys in stage 4 have been severely damaged and kidneys lose their ability to excrete waste products and toxicity out off your body. The build-up wastes will make you feel sick and loss of appetite.
Besides, the metabolic toxicity is another reason for poor appetite. The damaged kidneys can not excrete toxicity out of the body. The excess toxicity will cause metabolic toxicity which will affect the alimentary system, causing vomiting and nausea. This will also make person feel sick and loss of appetite.
In addition, patients with CKD stage 4 take many medicines, which may have some side effects, such as itchy skin, vomiting and nausea, diarrhea. These symptoms also affect your appetite.
Natural remedies for poor appetite in stage 4 CKD
Poor appetite is just one of complications of CKD. In that case, if you want to slow down your symptoms, you should treat symptoms radically. That is to say, you should control your kidney disease. When your kidney disease is under control, your complications will be kept under control. Having a healthy diet is very important for patients with stage 4 CKD, so in the following I will give you some common dietary tips for you.
1. Limit phosphorus intake
When your kidneys are severely damaged, your phosphorus level may easily become high. High phosphorus will cause low calcium in the body, which will make your bone easily broken. In such a case, it is wise to limit phosphorus intake and avoid high phosphorus foods such as diary, cola, nuts and processed foods.
2. Choose low potassium foods
The damaged kidneys lose the ability to regulate the serum potassium levels. Elevated potassium will cause irregular heartbeats. Thereby, you should eat some low potassium foods such as apples, carrots, green beans and berries and avoid high potassium foods such as bananas and potatoes.
3. Eat less salted foods
The damaged kidneys cannot determine how much fluid stays in your body and that will lead to retention of water in your body, causing edema. The patients with CKD usually have the symptom of swelling in the eyelids, face, hands, lower legs or even the whole body. Therefore, patients with CKD should choose some less salted or sodium foods and keep far away from high sodium foods such as pickle, bacon and processed meat or foods. High sodium is also the cause of high blood pressure. As for this reason, you should also eat less salted or sodium foods.
These are only some general dietary tips for you. Only when you treat the symptoms radically can you treat the complications of kidney disease, such as poor appetite.
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