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Scientific and Systemic Diagnosis for Kidney Disease

2013-01-12 10:58

Accurate diagnosis should be the first step for effective medicines and treatments. The following are some common and special tests for diagnosing kidney diseases.

Routine urine test

It includes urine color, transparency and PH, red blood cell, white blood cell, epithelial cell, cast, protein in urine, urine specific gravity, urine sugar qualitative, etc.

Routine blood test

It includes the count of red blood cell, white blood cell, hemoglobin and platelet, etc.

Kidney function test

It includes urinary sediments, urea nitrogen, creatinine, non-protein nitrogen quantitative, etc.

Kidney imaging tests such as X-ray, B ultrasound, CT scan and MRI

Kidney imaging tests can be used to diagnose renal parenchymal diseases, hydronephrosis, renal cystic diseases, kidney stone, etc.

Besides the above mentioned traditional and conventional tests such as routine urine test, routine blood test, kidney function test, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, there are more advanced diagnostic methods and it is necessary that kidney patients should have some knowledge.

24-h urinary protein quantitative and urine protein electrophoresis

In case of proteinuria, patients should take urinary protein quantitative and electrophoresis so as to further make clear amount and type of proteins that are leaked into urine.

Red blood cell inspection

In case of blood in urine, red blood cell inspection can be done to make clear where the red blood cell come from and weather it is glomerular hematuria or not so as to judge which part of the kidneys are damaged and seek more targeted medicines and treatments.

Urine NAG enzyme, GGT enzyme and urine osmotic pressure can help us know the severity of renal tubular damages.

Lymphocyte subsets can help measure the current immune conditions so as to provide guidance for immune therapy and assess curative effects.

Immune diagnosis

It includes 3 items---IgA, IgG, IgM, complement C3 and C4. There concentrations vary with age. And their concentration can increase or decrease in case of some kidney diseases so that they can be used to diagnose some disease such as IgA nephropathy.

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