Diabetic nephropathy can be caused by type 1 and type 2 diabetes due to renal damages because of long-term high blood glucose level. About 40% diabetes patients will develop diabetic kidney disease.
Statistics has shown that diabetic nephropathy is the major single factor for chronic kidney failure in adults. Diabetic nephropathy can be divided into 5 stages with the final stage called renal failure or end stage renal disease.
Early detection, early prevention and timely treatment are crucial for preventing kidney failure from diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. It usually takes about 20 years to develop renal failure, therefore early diagnosis and effective treatment can greatly improve the prognosis.
Once there is clinical proteinuria (daily urinary protein is more than 0.5g), there will be continuous and irreversible decline of renal functions and approximately 75% patients will develop end stage renal failure within 15 years.
The following are what diabetic nephropathy patients should do to slow down its progression and prevent kidney failure.
Well control of blood glucose
The ideal aim is to maintain HbA1c less than 6.5%. This can help prevent development and slow down progression of diabetic nephropathy as well as reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications like heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease.
Well control of blood pressure
Diabetic nephropathy usually will develop high blood pressure which will worsen blood sugar and speed up progression into renal failure. Well control of high blood pressure is good for controlling blood sugar, reducing proteinuria and protect kidney functions. The ideal blood pressure for diabetic nephropathy is 125/75mmHg.
Well control of blood lipid
Too much gain of body weight is not good for diabetic nephropathy. Controlling of blood lipid is good for controlling body weight, prevent heart disease and other complications.
Diets and exercises
Proper diets and exercises are natural home remedies for a better prognosis and slow progression of diabetic nephropathy.
Avoid smoking and alcohol
For the sake of your kidney health as well as heart, brain, liver, lung and other organs and systems, you should give smoking and limit intake of alcoholic drinks.
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