Generally, people have to begin dialysis when their kidney function drops to 15% or less. With a sufficient dialysis, patients’ life expectancy can be prolonged. However, kidney dialysis can cause some side effects in short time or in long term. Knowing the side effects of kidney dialysis is able to help patients control them timely.
According to the different onset times, today we talk about these side effects from two aspects.
Side effects of kidney dialysis in short time
◆ Low blood pressure or hypotension
During dialysis, one-forth patients suffer from a sudden drop in blood pressure, due to gaining fluid weight between dialysis session or having a weak heart. In most cases, low blood pressure can be corrected by medication and healthy diet.
◆ Dry or itchy skin
Patients undergoing hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis can develop dry or itchy skin as a side effect of kidney dialysis. Most often, it occurs as a consequence of the toxin deposition in the blood that the dialysis can’t completely remove from the body.
◆ Muscle cramps
The incidence of muscle cramps during dialysis is about 10%-15%. It may be due to the electrolyte imbalance, histanoxia or poor blood circulation during the dialysis.
◆ Nausea and vomiting
Hypotension and excessive fluid weight gain are usually two common causes. If you have a tendency of nausea or vomiting, tell the doctor or nurse timely to adjust the machine. In addition, some anti-nausea medicines may also be necessary.
Side effects of kidney dialysis in long term
It is more likely that the longer patients on dialysis, the weaker they are, because more and more wastes build up in the blood and the balance of their immune system is broken. The long-term side effects are usually difficult to control, so patients should take relevant treatment timely.
◆ Electrolyte imbalance
◆ Heart failure
◆ Infectious diseases such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C
If you are suffering from one or more side effects of kidney dialysis the above mentions, you are recommended to take correct treatment timely. If not, they can be life-threatening. In addition, how to improve the kidney function is another important thing you need to know.
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