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How To Adjust Electrolyte Balance Away From Dialysis

2019-02-17 09:59

Adjust Electrolyte Balance,Away From Dialysis,DialysisWill Kidney Disease necessarily lead to uremia? How long will it take to get Uremia?

Got Kidney Disease, there will be as long life as normal people?

Although the ultimate outcome of nephropathy is uremia, it is not necessarily uremia. However, the progress of renal function may be due to the pathological type of nephropathy and the patient's own condition.

Chronic kidney disease course is long, treatment time will be long, which also determines the middle of a great deal of variables. After active diagnosis and treatment, most of the Kidney Disease patients can live like normal people, work, and life expectancy will not be affected.

Nephropathy treatment is difficult to cure, but controllable and preventable. In order to delay the renal function and prolong the life span as far as possible, we must pay attention to this index in the course of treatment - the regulation of electrolyte!

How does electrolyte affect renal function?

Regulating electrolyte balance is an important function of the kidney. In the early stage of nephropathy, the impairment of renal function is relatively mild, and electrolyte examination usually does not show obvious abnormalities. However, with the deterioration of renal functions, the complications caused by electrolyte abnormalities become more and more obvious, which seriously threatens the development of renal function.

Blood electrolyte examination mainly detects the changes of calcium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine and other indicators to judge the filtration of renal function. Three of these indicators are critical:

1. Blood potassium

As the metabolic ability of kidney function becomes worse, excess potassium ions accumulate in the body, which easily leads to hyperkalemia. Hyperkalemia not only aggravates the metabolic burden of kidney, but also causes cardiac and nerve-related diseases, such as arrhythmia, decreased myocardial tension, limbs and perioral numbness, muscle soreness and so on, which are unfavorable to the treatment of nephropathy.

Usually, patients with renal failure and uremia are prone to hyperkalemia. We should pay attention to the prevention and treatment of this complication. It is safer to keep the blood potassium concentration below 5.3 mmol/L. We can take antidotes and avoid eating high potassium food during potassium control.

2. Blood calcium

Kidney disease patients often suffer from calcium absorption disorders and increased calcium loss, leading to hypocalcemia and osteoporosis, and even serious impact on walking. Supplementary calcium, Kidney Friends can choose to eat some medicines such as calcium carbonate tablets, appropriate to eat some foods containing high calcium, such as eggs, milk and so on. But we should also pay attention to the risk of high calcium caused by excessive calcium supplementation, so we should pay attention to monitoring blood calcium. Normal serum calcium concentration is less than 2.25-2.75 mmol/L, but some patients may have different prescribed values for their own condition differences, such as dialysis patients may be slightly higher.

3. Blood phosphorus

Patients with renal failure may have the condition of "low calcium and high phosphorus", which is mainly related to abnormal thyroid function. The occurrence of hyperphosphatism will lead to the reduction of bone salt in the body, and will also aggravate the osteoporosis and increase the occurrence of renal osteopathy. To reduce the level of blood phosphorus, on the one hand, calcium phosphate binders such as calcium carbonate, calcium acetate can be taken to regulate the balance of calcium and phosphorus, but also some capsules to promote phosphorus metabolism such as veram can be taken. Pay attention to low intake of high phosphorus foods, such as beverages, dairy products, animal viscera and nuts, to eat in moderation.

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