Kidney failure is divided into 5 stages and end stage is the 5th stage with most advanced renal damages. End stage renal failure means that more than 85%-90% kidney functions are lost and the severely damaged kidneys can not maintain normal daily life and renal placement therapy--dialysis or kidney transplant are necessary.
Though dialysis can help prolong life expectancy for end stage kidney failure patients, it is not a cure for renal failure. Patients usually will have to have dialysis for the rest of their life until they have chance to do kidney transplant.
Many end stage renal failure patients refuse to have dialysis because they can not afford the huge cost or for fear of the risks brought by dialysis. Dialysis patients are not comfortable at all and they suffer from a lot of complications like low blood pressure, malnutrition, anemia, infections, air embolism, pericarditis, pneumonia, etc.
For those that are not taking dialysis, the following are several aspects that can help them greatly improve their life expectancy.
Well control of symptoms
End stage renal failure patients usually have extremely high creatinine level without dialysis and this indicates there are a lot of metabolic wastes and toxins accumulating in the patients’ body. These wasteful and toxic substances will cause a series of pains, sufferings for the patients like swelling, headache, sleeping difficulty, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle twitching, etc.
Once these symptoms appears, patients need to seek doctor’s advice and take proper medicines and drugs under doctor’s guidance and order after accurate and thorough tests. Though these drugs and medicines are only symptomatic, they are necessary.
Early prevention and timely treatment of complications
Renal failure, especially the final stage is often associated with many complications and some common ones include heart failure, renal hypertension, hemorrhage, renal anemia, bone diseases, electrolyte disorder and lowered immunity. Among all the complications, cardiovascular complications such as heart failure is the most dangerous, therefore patients should pay more attention to signs and symptoms in other organs and systems especially for those that have pre-existing heart disease.
Close monitoring of some vital signs
Some early signs may be neglected and the best period for treatment may be missed, therefore it is very necessary and important for end stage patients to have close check of their vital signs like blood pressure, blood sugar, blood lipid, electrolyte level, creatinine and BUN. Routine urine test and blood test should be done regularly and in case of some abnormalities, further tests and examinations should be done.
Effective treatment without dialysis
For end stage renal failure, dialysis and kidney transplant are not the only choice. Immunotherapy is the combination of Chinese therapy and western therapy which aims at repair renal damages and improve kidney functions. So long as kidney functions are improved, patients can have much prolonged life span without dialysis or kidney transplant.
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