Last stage of kidney failure is also called end stage renal failure in which there are less than 10% kidney functions. The severely damaged kidneys can not maintain normal day-to-day life. Excessive water, electrolytes as well as many metabolic wastes and toxins will accumulate in the body; endocrine functions will also be affected and as a result inadequate red blood cells will be produced and blood pressure will become high.
Let’s look at what are the specific symptoms and signs that patients will have when their illness conditions have progressed into the final stage.
The basic function of kidneys is to produce urine and at the same time discharge excessive fluid and wastes through urination. Patients on the last stage of kidney failure have less than 10% of normal renal functions, therefore urine output usually will be much reduced or even total lack of urine. Some patients can notice bubbles or blood in urine.
Gastrointestinal symptoms and digestive disorders
Renal failure patients usually have malnutrition and weight loss without trying because they have poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or even gastrointestinal bleeding besides strict diet restriction for renal failure patients.
General ill feeling
Renal failure patients will always fell discomfortable such as swelling, breath problem, fatigue, chronic pains, pruritus, skin dryness, drowsiness, confusion, seizure, numbness, muscle twitching, nosebleeding, hiccups, impotence, insomnia, restless leg syndrome, etc.
Renal anemia and bleeding tendency
Damaged kidneys can not secrete enough erythropoietin and there are lack of red blood cells. In the final stage of renal failure, patients can also have platelet dysfunction, subcutaneous bleeding, mucous membrane bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding or even bleeding in the brain.
Chronic renal failure can cause renal hypertension, acidosis, hyperkalemia, retention of fluid and sodium, anemia, and buildup of toxic wastes in the patient’s body. All these can add burdens to the heart and cause heart damages or even heart failure.
In the last stage of renal failure, nearly every parts of the whole body are affected and patients will have many symptoms and complications which might not be mentioned in this article. If so, you can leave us a message or consult our online doctors, we can give you a specific illness analysis and some suggestions. You can also email us to firstname.lastname@example.org, we will give you an early reply within 2 work days.
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