Patients with end stage renal disease cannot live longer without dialysis or kidney transplantation. It is very crucial for patients to have a healthy diet to deal with end stage renal disease. Under this condition, what can patients with ESRD eat and what can not? In the following, I will give you several dietary tips.
1. Limit high potassium foods
We know kidneys have the ability to balance water and electrolyte. With the kidneys’ function declining, kidneys stop working completely and build-up potassium will bring heavy burden to the heart, which causes your heart beat irregularly or even stop beating completely. So it is vital for you to limit the amount of potassium you consume. Potassium is found mostly in fruits and vegetables, so it’s important for you to be cautious with high potassium fruits and vegetables such as bananas and you should keep far away from high potassium foods. In this case, you should choose some fruits containing low potassium such as apples, grapes, berries, cherries, peaches and pears. And low potassium vegetables include cabbage, green beans, onions, carrots, and all type of peppers.
2. Eat low phosphorus foods
In end stage renal disease, your blood levels of phosphorus can easily become high and this can lead to the weakening of your bones. You can limit phosphorus intake and choose some low phosphorus foods such as fruits and vegetables, but you should know some fruits and vegetables are also high in potassium. Milk and most diary foods are high phosphorus, but low phosphorus foods may be found like cream cheese, margarine and sherbet. You can consult your doctor about low phosphorus foods.
3. Limit fluid or sodium intake
The damaged kidneys can not excrete excess water or sodium out of the body and this will lead to the retention of fluid or sodium and cause edema in the eyelids, face, lower legs and even the whole body. What’s worse, these extra fluids will raise high blood pressure and have a negative impact on the heart. Under this condition, you should limit your fluid or sodium intake and avoid high sodium foods such as canned foods, processed meat and smoked meat as well as foods with salt toppings like chips, pretzels or nuts. You can weigh your weight every day to maintain your sodium intake not so much.
All of above are just several dietary tips for you and I hope they will help you a lot. And there is no single diet that is suitable for every one. You can only watch out your diet to slow down your chronic kidney disease progression. Besides, if you have any problem or question, please leave us a message email@example.com or consult our online doctor.
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