What to eat and not to eat with IgA Nephropathy? Arranging a proper diet is very hard for many IgA Nephropathy patients, as they have no idea about foods that they can eat and can not eat with impaired kidney.
Dietary principles for IgA Nephropathy patients
We need to make diet changes once being diagnosed with IgA Nephropathy as impaired kidney can not bear heavy burden. Kidney plays a crucial part in adjusting body fluid, regulating acid-base balance as well as maintaining electrolyte balance. When there are excess fluid or electrolyte or some other substances, our kidneys will have to work hard to discharge them. Therefore, choosing the right foods is very important for avoid bring extra burden on kidney and this is closely based on patients’ kidney condition.
What to eat and not to eat with IgA Nephropathy?
Although there is no such a specific food list that is suitable for all the IgA Nephropathy patients, but it is generally conformity with the following principles:
1. Low in protein
Kidney stops protein from being leaked while filtering blood. When kidney function gets impaired, it fails to function properly, which can lead to a severe leakage of protein in urine. Usually, the more protein that patients ingest, the more protein in urine. For this reason, foods that IgA Nephropathy patients eat must be low in protein. Besides, they can ingest some high quality protein like egg white, lean meat, fish and milk and so on.
2. Low in sodium
High sodium not only elevates blood pressure, but also triggers swelling. Seeing from this point of view, reducing sodium intake will be very necessary. Salt is the most common source of sodium in our daily life, so try to add less salt while cooking.
3. Low in potassium
The most common low potassium foods include canned pear nectar, sweetened cranberry sauce, canned peach nectar, raw alfalfa sprouts, cooked leeks, boiled collards, boiled eggplant, peeled cucumber, cooked lean beef, cooked ham, bread, bun, cooked cereal and so on. For IgA Nephropathy patients, although these foods are low in potassium, it is important to monitor the serving size of what they are eating.
4. Low in phosphorus
High phosphorus level in the body restrain our body from adsorbing enough calcium, which can cause a series of bone problems like bone pain, bone fracture and even osteoporosis. Therefore, foods that IgA Nephropathy patients eat must be low in phosphorus.
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