Kidney is one of the most essential organs for human being to help filter wastes and toxins from the blood and remove them through urination. For stage 5 renal failure patients, their kidneys can not function well to efficiently discharge these wasteful products. Therefore they need an artificial kidney, that is dialysis to help purify their blood so as to make them more comfortable and slow down decline rate of kidney functions.
Proper and nutritious diet is an important part of treatment for dialysis patients. Dialysis alone can not remove all the wastes and between dialysis sessions wastes will build up in the blood. Dialysis-friendly eating can reduce metabolic wastes and relieve burdens to the kidneys and make patients feel better.
Let’s learn how to cook kidney-friendly and dialysis-friendly recipes for end stage renal disease patients on dialysis.
·Protein. For kidney disease patients that have not begun dialysis treatment, low-protein diet is advocated to reduce nitrogenous wastes and slow down illness progression. However once you begun dialysis, you need to increase protein intake because dialysis can filter some proteins out especially in peritoneal dialysis, therefore a dialysis diet should be high-protein.
Adequate protein intake is necessary for repairing renal tissues, building muscles, improving immunity and fighting against various infections and viruses.
The proteins consumed by dialysis patients should be high-quality so as to reduce protein-related wastes and toxins.
·Fluid. ESRD patients on dialysis should limit fluid intake to avoid too much gain of body weight which will add difficulty to the next dialysis. However inadequate fluid intake can cause dehydration and further increase high creatinine.
The proper amount of daily fluid intake depends on several factors such as daily urine output, weight gain between dialysis and weather the patients have hypertension, swelling, difficulty in breathing or congestive heart failure, etc.
·Sodium. Too much sodium intake can increase blood pressure and worsen fluid retention. Maintaining a low-salt diet help reduce burdens to the kidneys and heart.
·Potassium and phosphorus. Potassium and phosphorus need to be controlled and if necessary potassium binder and phosphorus binder might be prescribed by the doctors. Of cause, the amount of these nutritions should be based on the patients’ blood levels of potassium and phosphorus.
·Fat. End stage renal failure patients on dialysis are at high risk of developing heart disease, therefore a low-fat diet is very necessary.
·Vitamins. Some vitamins will be lost during dialysis, fresh vegetables and fruits are ideal source for making up vitamin deficiency.
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