As a matter of fact, aside from treatment, diet also plays a important role in helping patients slow down illness condition and progression. And then, what is the diet principle for kidney failure patients?
1, assure energy absorption
If you can not take sufficient proteins, myofibril would be broken down and the production of muscle is also reduced. If you can not absorb sufficient proteins and calories, it leads to high creatinine level. Therefore, it is very important for patients to take enough calories. Generally speaking, each patients should take 104-106 kilojoule per kilogram.
2, for patients who do not undergo dialysis, they should take high quality protein diet. On one hand, it helps patients relive the poisoning symptoms, on the other hand, it also slow down the illness progression of kidney damage. Usually, patients should take 0.5g high quality of protein per kilogram. At the same time, patients also need to take amino acid. Their major food should be milk, eggs and wheat starch.
3, for patients with dialysis, they should not limit the intake of proteins. On one hand, dialysis replaces the excretion function of kidney and on other hand, dialysis itself is a process of consuming and losing proteins, so patients with hemodialysis should take proteins within 1.0g-1.2g. And then patients with peritoneal dialysis should take proteins within 1.2g-1.5g.
4, besides, patients also need to pay attention to the following aspects: for patients with less urine, they should life the intake of water and salt and then you need to take slat less than 3g. If patients have obvious swelling, high blood pressure and heart failure, they also need to limit the salt and water intake, they also need to take it less than 1-2g.
Therefore, most of patients need to take calcium within 1.2-1.5 g per day and phosphorus within 0.9-1.2 per day. Patients also need to take vitamin B and C in daily life.
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