Potassium is a very important mineral that can keep normal nerve and muscle function, but build up of too much potassium in the blood, in turn, can cause many severe complications. High potassium level is very common in renal failure. Therefore, knowing the exact potassium requirement in renal failure is able to help patients arrange a reasonable intake of potassium.
We know our kidneys not only are responsible to cleanse blood but also help keep electrolyte balance. However, in renal failure, nearly all of kidney function has lost so that electrolyte imbalance including high potassium level occurs easily. The following symptoms can remind us to pay attention to this abnormal.
● Nausea and vomiting
● Irregular heartbeat
● Slow pulse
● Sudden death
For general population, their potassium levels range between 3.5 and 5.5mEq/L, while for people with renal failure, theirs is always higher than the normal. If you have renal failure and have one or more of the above symptoms, you may need to make clear the potassium requirement in renal failure. Food we eat is a main source of potassium in the body, so you can correct your potassium level through diet if it is slightly higher than the normal.
What is the potassium requirement in renal failure? Generally, renal patients should restrict their potassium intake to between 1,500 and 2,700 mg per day. Foods high in potassium usually contain more than 250 mg per serving, while some other foods contain little potassium. According to different amounts of potassium, foods are divided into two types:
High-potassium foods: Milk products, many types of seafood, whole-grain breads, banana, prune, orange, potato, tomato, dried fruits,etc.
Low-potassium foods: Poultry, tuna, egg, apple, berry, carrot, corn and white bread, and so on.
You can choose right foods and make a diet plan with the help of kidney experts according to your specific condition. However, in some cases, only depending on a healthy diet can’t help very well that may require you to take some kidney repairing treatment to improve your kidney function.
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