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How To Do Diet Therapy For Patients With Hypertensive Nephropathy

2018-10-11 14:39

Hypertensive Nephropathy,Diet Therapy1. Protein intake

For chronic renal insufficiency patients need to limit protein intake, which can reduce blood nitrogen retention, reduce the burden on the kidneys, thereby delaying the process of slow renal failure. It is generally advocated that the daily intake of protein 0.4-0.6 g/kg body weight, should choose high-quality proteins, such as eggs, milk, lean meat and other animal proteins, which contain higher essential amino acids, and after decomposition in the body produced less nitrogen substances, plant proteins such as soybean products, corn, flour, rice and other essential amino acids less, non- Many essential amino acids and low biological potency are known as "low quality proteins" and should be appropriately limited.

3. Salt intake

If there is no edema or hypertension in patients with kidney disease, there is no need to limit salt, and normal people can take 10 grams of salt a day, limiting salt intake mainly for edema and hypertension in patients, because not limiting salt can aggravate water and sodium retention, making edema difficult to subside, causing hypertension. In general, salt intake should be limited to 2-3 grams per day, with less urine and elevated blood potassium.

3. Water intake

Nephropathy patients do not need to control water intake if there is no less urine edema, edema patients should mainly according to the amount of urine and the degree of edema to control water intake, generally speaking, if edema is obvious, outside the first meal, water intake should be limited to 500-800ml / day is more appropriate. After suffering from urinary tract infection, in order to avoid and reduce bacteria in the urinary tract to stay and reproduce, patients should drink more water, frequent urination, in order to achieve the purpose of washing the bladder and urethra.

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