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How To Choose Protein Diet For Dialysis Patients

2018-12-14 08:53

Protein Diet,DialysisIn recent days, more and more dialysis patients consult ONLINE DOCTOR how to choose protein diet. Following this article to get the answer.

Before hemodialysis, a low protein diet should be followed, and after dialysis, a high protein diet should be changed.

Dialysis can replace the metabolic function of the kidney, and will not cause excessive accumulation of metabolic waste in the body. In addition, some proteins will be lost in the process of dialysis, and the metabolic rate of proteins will increase during dialysis. If the intake of proteins is not strengthened, malnutrition will be caused, anemia and resistance will be reduced. 40% of hemodialysis patients suffer from malnutrition in different degrees, and 10% of them suffer from severe malnutrition.

Symptoms of malnutrition include weight loss; changes in body composition; reduced energy reserves and reduced concentrations of somatic protein, serum albumin, transferrin, prealbumin and other visceral proteins; decreased activity and quality of life; and increased mortality.

What kinds of diet principle should be followed by dialysis patients?

The daily intake of protein should not be less than 1.2 g/kg of body weight, try to eat more high-quality protein, eat more animal foods, such as chicken, duck, fish, dairy products, the kind of meat has low phosphorus content, is a high-quality protein. Compared with meat, soybean products are not high in protein content and high in phosphorus. They are inferior proteins and are not suitable for eating more. Egg protein is easy to absorb, suitable for patients to supplement protein, but try to eat less yolk, because yolk contains high phosphorus.

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