Renal Failure patients are running a high risk for malnutrition due to less appetite, metabolic changes or both. Malnutrition lower their immunity and increase their risk for various infection and health problems. Considering this, supplemental nutrition is urgently needed by renal failure patients.
Protein needs are higher for renal failure patients who have started dialysis due to losses that occur during the blood purification. Generally, 1.2g/kg body weight/d is needed by hemodialysis patients and 1.2-1.3g/kg body weight/d for individuals on peritoneal dialysis.
Protein is an important nutrition for a healthy body, but in cases of renal failure patients, high protein intake will put extra burden on kidney and worsen its condition. For this reason, finding proper protein intake is very essential. In clinic, renal failure patients who have not started dialysis usually need to ingest 0.2 grams of protein per body weight per day.
Besides, no matter for renal failure patients on dialysis or these with no dialysis, 60% of the protein they ingest every day should be high quality protein which is contained by lean meat, fish, egg white and milk.
Balance of sodium, potassium and phosphorus
While supplementing nutrition, paying attention to sodium intake, potassium intake and phosphorus intake is very necessary. For renal failure patients, they should avoid high-sodium diets, especially these with elevated blood pressure. On the basis of this, they need to add less salt while cooking and also try to stay far away from pickled foods. A high-potassium diet is normally desirable to control blood pressure ad reduce risk for stroke; however, as damaged kidney can not excrete potassium, foods which are high in potassium like bananas, melon, legumes, potatoes, pumpkin, winter squash, sweet potato, spinach, orange juice and bran cereal should be avoided. Besides, renal failure is always accompanied with high phosphorus level, which can increase the risk for cardiovascular evens. From this point of view, effective management of phosphorus intake will be very essential for renal failure patients.
Replenish of vitamin
When comes to the supplemental nutrition for renal failure patients, replenish of vitamin is worth mentioning. Due to the severe loss of nutrition during dialysis and impaired kidney function, renal failure patients suffer from deficiencies of vitamin C, folate, vitamin B6 and vitamin D more easily. In such a case, dietary supplements will be helpful and also, if the deficiency of vitamin is very severe, they can eat some vitamin supplement.
Renal failure is a problem in kidney, but it can involve all the body systems. Therefore, it is essential for patients to supplement different nutritions according to their illness condition. Aside from the several aspects we mentioned above, many renal failure patients also need to notice their fat intake and fluid intake. So, what is the necessary supplemental nutrition for you? If you want to get some advices from our experts, please leave us message directly: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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