Potassium intake should be a concern for Chronic Kidney Failure patients. Here we mainly explain two topics: why should Chronic Kidney Failure patients pay attention to potassium intake and what is the proper potassium intake for Chronic Kidney Failure patients.
Why should Chronic Kidney Failure patients pay attention to potassium intake?
Chronic Kidney Failure patients need to care about their potassium intake as they are at high risk for disturbance of potassium metabolism. Kidney helps to maintain a normal serum potassium level by discharging excess potassium out of the body. High levels of potassium level are more likely to occur when the kidneys fail to work properly or are less able to get rid of potassium.
For Chronic Kidney Failure patients with elevated potassium level, they need to limit potassium intake and this will help to reduce their risk for muscle weakness, cramping, fatigue, confusion, arrhythmia, myasthenia, nerve damages, digestive problems like nausea, vomiting, stomach pain and enteroplegia, as well as further kidney damages.
What is the proper potassium intake for Chronic Kidney Failure patients?
What is the proper potassium intake for Chronic Kidney Failure patients? Actually, the exact potassium intake depends on patients’ specific illness condition like what stage they are in and what is their current serum potassium level. Though potassium intake should be varied from case to case, but generally it is in the range 1500mg-2700mg a day.
Foods with more than 250mg potassium per serving are considered to be high potassium foods. In our daily life, the most common high potassium foods are beet, lobster, salmon, scallops, beans, legumes, whole-grain breads, potatoes, tomatoes, bananas,oranges, dried fruits, avocados and many types of seafood and so on. Chronic Kidney Failure patients should stay far away from these foods in their daily diet.
The goal of dietary potassium restriction is to keep potassium level in the normal range 3.5-5.0mEq/L. Diet changes indeed helps to control potassium level, but it can not solve problems from the root. Chronic Kidney Failure patients suffer from elevated potassium level due to decreased kidney function, so to have a radical control about potassium level, improving kidney function is the only and best solution as of now.
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