Proper diets after kidney transplant can not only ensure nutrition supply, but also can improve the patient’s life quality, slow down function loss of the transplanted kidney, reduce complications of anti-rejection drugs so as to prolong the life span of transplanted kidney.
Here are some diet tips given by renal dietitians. The general diet principle for kidney transplant patients are high-quality protein, high vitamins, low salt, low sugar and low fat. The aim is to provide enough nutritions, control too much gain of body weight, promote wood healing and recovery of kidney functions and lower the risk of rejection and infections.
After kidney transplant, patients have to take immunosuppressant to lower organ-rejection. Immunosuppressant can speed up protein decomposition and inhibit protein synthesis. However patients need adequate proteins to promote the recovery from the surgery. Therefore patients should have high-quality proteins such as fresh water fish, egg, lean meat, etc. White meat is better than red meat because red meat contains more fat and cholesterol. White meats include fish, chicken and red meat include pork, beef, etc. One egg a day is good for kidney patients after kidney transplant.
Vitamins is the essential nutrition for sustaining life, kidney transplant patients should have more vitamins which mainly comes from fresh vegetables and fruits.
Some immunosuppressant can cause hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis, therefore patients should limit foods that are high-cholesterol such as animal offals, egg yolk(one is okay),etc. Plant oil is better to replace animal oil while cooking dishes.
Some drugs that kidney transplant patients take might induce high blood glucose or even diabetes which is harmful to the transplanted kidney and cardiovascular system, therefore low-sugar diet is more healthier.
Immunosuppressant can inhibit calcium absorption and increase its excretion, therefore patients should have some proper supply of high-calcium foods such as dairy products so as to prevent muscle cramps, back pain, joint pain, osteoporosis and other bone problems.
Avoid renal tonics
Before kidney transplant, supplement of renal tonics can help improve kidney functions and enhance immune system. However after the surgery, no renal tonic is allowed because it might affect the efficacy of immunosuppressant and cause organ rejection. Foods that can help improve immunity should also be avoided such as white fungus, black fungus, ginseng, velvet antler, etc.
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