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Dangers of High Blood Pressure after Kidney Transplant

2013-03-10 17:14

High blood pressure is a common symptom for many kidney transplant patients. Kidneys have function to adjust blood pressure and when kidneys are damaged, the cells making up the blood-vessels walls release an enzyme, renin, which can lead to high blood pressure through a series of complicated reaction. High blood pressure is a common illness condition in our daily life and cause no serious health tissues within short term. However, for kidney transplant patients, high blood pressure can be a very terrible sign that may indicate more serious illness condition.

1. High blood pressure can be a risk factor for kidney rejection

Kidney transplant is a surgery in which a new kidney is put into patient’s body to replace the failed kidneys and the leading risk of it is kidney injection which can cause patient’s death directly. According to clinical investigation, the highest incidence of acute rejection occurs in people whose blood pressure became high following transplantation and the lowest incidence of acute injection is among people who had lower blood pressure after transplantation than before it.

Since rejection occurs easily and is very life-threatening, kidney failure patients need to take antihypertensive medicines for the rest of their life after the surgery. Medications available today can control acute rejection in 95 percent of cases, although it may cause some loss of function in the transplanted kidney. Therefore, choosing the right medicines means a lot for kidney transplant patients.

2. Hypertension in kidney transplant recipients is a major traditional risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a frequent and major cause of morbidity of kidney failure patients after kidney transplant. In some cases, high blood pressure can be brought under control through medicines, but in some rare cases, high blood pressure remain high, even if after patients take hypotensive medicines. Compared with these who control their blood pressure well, patients with uncontrollable blood pressure are more likely to suffer from atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Kidney transplant is an effective but risky medical method for kidney failure patients. It helps to save some lives, but in some cases, it put patients into a more terrible condition. Kidney transplant is an option, but it is not the only choice. For these kidney failure patients who still have some healthy kidney function, it is very possible for them to live a better life with an alternative treatment method.

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