Kidney transplant is one important and effective treatment for end stage renal disease patients. It can help patients to finally get rid of dialysis and enable patients more kidney functions and longer life expectancy than those that are on dialysis.
1 year after the kidney transplant, the life span of the transplanted kidneys is about 92%, after 5 years it is 80% and after 10 years it is 54%. The survival rates here refer to the life span of the transplanted kidneys, not the patients. When the new kidneys are failed again after several years or even months in some cases, patients can still be alive, but they enter into renal failure again and they need to take dialysis to sustain their life and wait for another transplant or their life may be at risk.
According to the statistics, life expectancy after kidney transplant can be doubled or even tripled with kidney transplant than those remaining on dialysis.
Kidney transplant has many benefits to end stage renal failure patients than dialysis. When dialysis is stopped, the side effects and complications of dialysis will disappear such as nausea, vomiting, restless, muscle twitching, low blood pressure can all be alleviated. Since kidney functions are restored with the transplanted kidney, many symptoms and complications due to kidney problems will be treated from the root.
Why life expectancy is greatly prolonged with kidney transplant?
Since kidney transplant can restore the patient’s kidney functions and help them get rid of dialysis, many symptoms, complications and risk factors that can threaten the patient’s life are much lowered, that is why life quality and life expectancy will be improved. For example, the incidence of diabetes, multisystem diseases, myocardial infarction, angina, cerebrovascular complications, gastrointestinal disorders will all be lowered compared with dialysis patients.
Some disadvantages of kidney transplant you need to know before you decide to do this surgery.
You need to know both the advantages and disadvantages, pros and cons about kidney transplant before make the decision. Though kidney transplant is a relatively ideal treatment option for ESRD patients, it does have some drawbacks. Such as the common risks of operating surgeries especially for the elderly patients, huge cost, organ rejections and easy infections after the kidney transplant.
What is more, not every patient is able to do kidney transplant. If the patients have serious infections, cancer or severe heart or lung disease, kidney transplant is not very suitable.
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