We know that weight gain is a common concern among kidney transplant patients, proper diets after kidney transplant are still very important for protecting the new kidney and improve life span of the transplanted kidney.
Before kidney transplant, patients usually have strict restrictions of their daily eating, they need to have limited amount of protein, salt, potassium, phosphorus and in some cases they even need to limit water intake.
After kidney transplant, many digestive disorders and gastrointestinal tract symptoms will disappear. Because of regained kidney functions, their appetite is greatly improved and patients are eager to eat all the food that they have been inhibited for months or even years, but it is also very important to have close monitoring of their body weight. Too much gain of body weight gain will induce a lot of harms to the new kidney.
The following are necessary nutritions that kidney transplant patients need
Before kidney transplant, a low-protein diet is advocated to help reduce nitrogenous wastes, reduce burdens to the kidneys, slow illness progression and protect residual kidney functions.
After the surgery of kidney transplant, patients need more proteins to help promote wound healing and rebuilding muscles and tissues that are damaged or injured during the surgery and in the period of kidney failure. High-quality proteins such as lean meat, egg white, fresh water fish, dairy products are all good choice.
After kidney transplant, patients need calcium supplement to make up what they have lost in pre-transplant period and rebuild their healthy bones.
But there are also some foods that kidney transplant patients need to avoid or limit especially foods that contain a lot of fat which can increase the risk of heart problems which is not good for the transplanted kidney. For example, it is better that egg yolk should be limited within 3-4 each week.
It is important to ensure the safety and freshness of the foods that are consumed. Contaminated foods, left-overs should be avoided. Sushi, raw oysters, unpasteurized milk, alfalfa, clover sprouts should be avoided.
Patients should still get away from alcohol and tobacco even after kidney transplant. It is not easy to regain kidney functions, all we should do is to develop healthy eating habits and life style to protect the new kidney.
In a word, the diet principle for post-transplant kidney patients is to have proper more nutritions such as calcium, proteins to help wood healing and accepting the new kidney. But at the same time some foods still should be avoid such as high-fatty, high-sugar, high-salt and high-cholesterol foods. That is to say, a generally considered heathy diet should be adopted by kidney transplant patients.
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