Our kidneys have great compensatory ability, but they are also very fragile organ. Many factors can cause kidney damages and lead to kidney disease or even kidney failure such as drugs, injuries, systemic diseases, etc.
Since the kidneys have the important function to filter blood and discharge wasteful and toxic substances from the blood. Long term and high dosage intake of some drugs can be very harmful to the kidneys.
It is not very hard to prevent kidney damages due to improper intake of drugs and medicines. There are mainly the following several types of renal toxicity drugs. Let’s learn what they are.
1. Antibiotics. Antibiotics drugs are widely used to treat infections. However some antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, methicillin, vancomycin, sulfonamides can cause toxins buildup in the kidneys and deterioration of kidney functions.
2. Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen can reduce the production of prostaglandin which can decrease GFR and in some cases can even lead to acute renal failure.
3. High blood pressure drugs such as ARB, ACEI, etc. They are effective at lowering high blood pressure, but they can also cause decline of kidney functions and patients can find that their creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, serum potassium are elevated after taking these drugs.
4. Chemotherapy drugs. One adverse effects of chemotherapy drugs is renal toxicity. There is a variety of nephrotoxicity chemotherapy drugs such as interferons, pamidronate, cisplatin, carboplatin, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, quinine, etc.
Besides, other drugs and medicines that may cause renal damages and renal diseases include heartburn drugs, antiviral drugs, arthritis drugs, anticonvulsants, etc.
It is necessary to have full knowledge of the drugs that we are taking. Consult your doctor to see if the drugs that you are prescribed have nephrotoxicity or not. If so, it is necessary to have regular check of kidney functions before advanced renal damages are caused.
If you already have kidney disease, more caution should be paid before taking any of the above mentioned drugs and medicines. Talk with your doctor to see if it is necessary to take the medicine, whether the drug brins more good than bad and to see if there are more natural medicines and remedies for your illness conditions.
For more information about safe use of drugs and medicines for kidney disease patients, welcome to consult our online doctors. You can also leave us a message and we will send you the detailed info as soon as possible.
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