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Hypertensive Nephropathy with Edema: Cause and Dietary Management

2014-09-16 17:16

As we all know that the patients with kidney disease or high blood pressure have strict dietary requirement, let alone for the patients with Hypertensive Nephropathy. As the disease develops, the patients also can suffer from some symptoms, and edema is a common symptom in clinic. While, proper dietary management can help the patients slow down the progression of the kidney and relieve edema.

Why the patients with hypertensive nephropathy suffer from edema?

Hyptertensive nephropathy belongs to secondary kidney disease and caused by more than five to ten years of high blood pressure. Long-term high blood pressure can cause serious kidney damage and affect renal function. As we all know, the kidney is in charge of adjusting the sodium-water balance. With the loss of renal function, the excess fluid also cannot be discharged from body and can trap in the tissues of the body. As a result of which, edema comes into being.

Dietary management for hypertensive nephropathy with edema:

First, limit the salt intake strictly

Eating salt too much can increase the burden of kidneys and promote the blood pressure rising sharply. Thus, the patients need to limit the sale intake strictly and avoid the foods rich in sodium.

Second, control the water intake

Edema means that the kidneys fail to adjust the water balance in body, and the result of drinking too much water is to increase the kidney’s burden and aggravate edema. That is to say, it is necessary for the patients to reduce the water intake.

Third, eat protein discreetly and properly

Protein is essential for us to maintain our health, while for the patients with kidney problems, they need to reduce the protein intake and had better be based on the foods rich in high quality protein.

Besides, the patients also need to limit the potassium and phosphorous intake, and keep away from smoking and drinking.

Why the patients with hypertensive nephropathy can suffer from edema? And what is the dietary management for the patients? Now, you should have the answer. If you have any unclear things or other questions, you are welcome to send an email to, and we will reply you as soon as possible.

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