Kidney failure patients are running a high risk for hypocalcemia which may bring them various bone problems like bone pain and bone fracture. Hypocalcemia is the presence of low serum calcium levels in the blood and can be caused by kidney failure directly. Therefore, it is necessary for kidney disease patients to master some knowledge about how to manage hypocalcemia in kidney failure.
How does kidney failure cause hypocalcemia?
Although kidney failure is a serious illness condition regarding kidney, it always involve many other systems like digestive system, respiratory system, cardiovascular system and so on. Kidney is a bean-shaped organ with multiple function. It is responsible for keeping balance of electrolyte, so when kidney function is impaired, electrolyte disturbance occurs. Hypocalcemia is a common electrolyte problems among kidney failure patients and its occurrence is closely related with high phosphorus level in blood.
For people with kidney failure, failed kidneys can not discharge excess phosphorus, leading to high phosphorus level in blood which can affect our body and make them not get enough calcium. Therefore, for kidney failure patients who have high levels of phosphorus, they are more likely to suffer from hypocalcemia.
How to manage hypocalcemia in kidney failure?
Calcium is an essential trace element of our body and mainly used to strengthen our bone. For kidney failure patients, when their body fail to get enough calcium from blood, they will suffer from various kidney problem like bone pain, bone fracture and osteoporosis. Therefore, having an effective management about hypocalcemia is very beneficial for kidney failure patients.
To get hypocalcemia intro control, kidney failure patients need to:
1. Eat more foods which are rich in calcium like coked rhubarb, kale, milk, cheese, yogurt and some fish like sardines, salmon, perch, and rainbow trout. (Kidney failure patients are aslo at high risk to suffer from high sodium and high potassium, so please consult your doctor firstly to see if you can eat these foods, as some of them are high in potassium and sodium)
2. Undergo calcium therapy like intravenous injection of calcium.
3. Have a tight control about phosphorous. High phosphorus level affect calcium level in blood directly and usually, the higher the phosphorus level in blood, the lower the calcium in blood. Therefore, it is ver important to bring phosphorus into normal range if kidney failure patients want to have a good management about hypocalcemia.
4. Treat kidney failure as a whole. Kidney failure is the root cause for high phosphorus level and hypocalcemia, so treating kidney failure as a whole is very essential. Only when kidney problem is treated effectively, can hypocalcemia be remitted fundamentally.
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