The kidneys plan a crucial role in maintaining electrolyte balances, so when kidney failure is always accompanied with an electrolyte imbalance. For people with failed kidney, they are very likely to suffer from high sodium level, high potassium level, high phosphorus level and low calcium level. Well, what are the effects of the electrolyte imbalance due to kidney failure?
High sodium level: High sodium level in blood is also known as hypernatremia which can cause an increase of blood pressure and severe fluid retention. For kidney failure patients, they are running a high risk for high sodium level as impaired kidneys can not work properly to excess sodium. Slat is the most common source of sodium and this is the reason why kidney failure patients are suggested to limit salt intake.
High potassium level: Elevation of potassium level will occur when kidneys are not properly filter excess potassium out. For kidney failure patients, they may suffer from irregular heartbeat, heart palpitations, tiredness, weakness, muscle weakness and paralysis due to high potassium level. In daily life, avoiding high potassium foods are essential.
High phosphorus level: Phosphorus combines with calcium to create hydroxyapatite-a substance that’s vital for the structure of bone itself. Ration of calcium and phosphorus is kept in a constant value; however, once kidney failure occurs, affected kidneys can not discharge excess phosphorus, leading to elevation of phosphorus level. Foods high in phosphorus like all-bran cereal, almonds, beef, brazil nuts, cashew nuts, cheese, dried fruit, egg and herring should be avoided, at least limited, by kidney failure patients.
Low calcium level: Low calcium level is another common clinical manifestations of electrolyte imbalance. As we have mentioned in the above, low calcium level due to kidney failure is always associated with high phosphorus level. For kidney failure patients with severe calcium loss, they are more likely to suffer from bone pain, bone fracture and osteoporosis and so on.
Electrolyte imbalance affects kidney failure patients in different way. It accelerates illness condition and even cause deadly health tissues. For this reason, it is imperative to correct electrolyte imbalances for kidney failure patients.(For treatment for electrolyte imbalance due to kidney failure, feel free to consult our consultant online or leave message to email@example.com directly)
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