Nephrotic syndrome can occur to both adults and children of both sexes and all races. Children nephrotic syndrome is one common urinary system disease in children. It mainly occurs to children that are 3-6 years old and boy patients are more than girl patients. Children nephrotic syndrome is not easy to be cured and it is very easy to relapse since children usually have poor compliance to treatments and their immunity is low.
Typical symptoms of child nephrotic syndrome are as that of adult nephrotic syndrome-severe edema (swelling in the hands, feet, ankles, around the eyes, etc), bubbles in urine, hyperlipidemia, hypoalbuminemia. Besides, some diseased children may also have hypertension, hematuria or azotemia, renal inflammation and decline of renal functions especially in association with nephritis syndrome. Nephritis syndrome is one type of child nephrotic syndrome and it mainly occurs to children that are older than 7 years old. The diseased children can have various degrees of high blood pressure and they can have persistent or intermittent hematuria (blood in urine) besides other urinary changes such as foamy and frothy urine.
Hematuria, high blood pressure, azotemia, thromboses have much to do with illness progression of children nephrotic syndrome. The prognosis will be worsened if hematuria or hypertension can not be well controlled timely.
Treatments for hypertension for child nephrotic syndrome
If the children have elevated blood pressure and swelling, a low-salt, low-fat diet with limited water intake is recommended. Diuretics can help treat swelling and antihypertensive drugs such as ACEI, ARB can help control high blood pressure.
Treatments for hematuria
Hematuria is due to the leaking of red blood cells in urine because of glomerular damages. In case of blood in urine, patients should stop strenuous activities and have adequate rest. Diets should be light and have more fresh vegetables and fruits such as apples.
Chinese medicines have good curative effects on hypertension and hematuria for nephrotic syndrome. What is more important, Chinese medicines are natural and will not affect the children’ normal development as that of hormones.
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