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A Cold Can Lead To Nephrotic Syndrome In Children

2018-08-23 16:40

Nephrotic Syndrome,ColdJerry is 4 years old. He was feverish with fever and sore throat. His mother took him to the hospital for two days, but his condition still did not improve. For the next few days, he had a low fever and did not want to eat for several days. His eyelids and lower limbs were swollen and his urine was low. A large amount of protein was found in the urine. The doctor said, Jerry caused Nephrotic Syndrome due to upper respiratory tract infection.

Upper respiratory tract infection is an inducement.

Respiratory tract infections in children, such as colds, tonsillitis, acute pharyngitis, if not effectively controlled in a timely manner, in 1 to 4 weeks after may induce nephrotic syndrome. Generally speaking, children with nephrotic syndrome have pre-infection symptoms, its prominent features are three high and one low, namely, high edema, high proteinuria, hypercholesterolemia and hypoproteinemia. Minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MPNS) occurs more frequently in children between two and six years old, and more boys than girls. It is easy to recur and protract, and has a long course of disease.

Because children are weak, immune cells in the body are fewer than normal people, and their immune function is not strong, immune cells sometimes do not swallow pathogens, but temporarily contain them. The antibodies to pathogens in the body combine with the pathogens themselves to form an immune complex. With the blood circulation, when the kidneys reach, they deposit. To the glomerular basement membrane, thus there is a damage to the kidney, so that a large number of protein loss, eventually leading to nephrotic syndrome.

Nephrotic syndrome has a long course and is easy to relapse. To maintain standard treatment for 1 and a half years to 2 years. According to clinical data, some children at the age of two or three onset, to the age of 10 to 12 when the disease is not good, upper respiratory tract infection is the cause of recurrent attacks. Long term recurrent attacks can affect the growth and development of children, making nephrotic syndrome extremely difficult to treat.

After the illness, the key point of nursing is to prevent colds. Children should not eat much salt food and high protein. Children's activity should be strictly limited. Children should not wear clothes for long periods of time. It should not be reduced or stopped during treatment. In addition, usually should pay attention to the observation of children's urination, such as the color of children's urine changes, should be sent to the hospital urine test in time.

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