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what Are The Complications Of Nephrotic Syndrome In Children

2018-12-28 15:21

Nephrotic Syndrome,Children,ComplicationsMore and more parents care about what are the complications of Nephrotic Syndrome in Children, following this article to get the answer, or you can consult ONLINE DOCTOR about the treatments to relieve directly in free.

In addition to Edema, Proteinuria, hypoproteinemia and hyperlipidemia, patients with nephrotic syndrome can also have some concurrent symptoms, the most common ones are electrolyte disturbance, infection, acute renal failure and hypercoagulable state. In the acute stage, that is, when there is a large amount of proteinuria, there are usually hypoproteinemia, hypercholesterolemia and edema, often with complications.

Electrolyte disorders are often caused by children's poor diet, excessive restrictions on salt intake, and frequent use of diuretics, which can be manifested as children's lack of strength, stomachache, etc. A blood test of electrolyte series can be clear.

Nephrotic syndrome patients lose a lot of protein, children eat poorly, coupled with the long-term use of hormones, can lead to a significant reduction in resistance, so often infected, the most common are respiratory tract infection, intestinal infection, skin infection, etc., need attention can be the occurrence of primary peritonitis.

There are two kinds of renal failure in patients with nephrotic syndrome. One is pre-renal failure, which is caused by obvious hypoproteinemia, which reduces the blood volume flowing through the kidney and reduces the glomerular filtration rate. This situation will be alleviated quickly with the control of urinary protein and the increase of blood protein level. One case is renal failure, that is, the kidney itself has problems, the recovery time is longer, but also more dangerous, may endanger the lives of children.

In patients with nephropathy, because of blood concentration, loss of antithrombin and other reasons, it will lead to hypercoagulable state, so we will use heparin and other anticoagulants in the early stage; if hypercoagulable state is serious, it can lead to renal vein thrombosis, lumbago, naked eye hematuria, etc, it needs thrombolytic therapy.

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