Polycystic Kidney Disease patients always experience various symptoms and complications. Although, with PKD in different stages, patients may suffer from different symptoms. Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a common type of genetic kidney disorder which is characterized by occurrence of numerous cysts on bilateral kidneys. The kidneys, two bean-shaped organs, are located on the upper region of the abdomen towards the back. The kidneys are responsible filtering wastes and extra fluid out of the body. The cysts, fluid-filled sacs, can profoundly enlarge the kidneys and replace the healthy structure of the kidneys, leading to reduced kidney function and causing kidney failure.
Early in the disease, the patients often experience no symptoms. It if does cause symptoms, the most common ones are pains in the back and the sides (between the ribs and hips) and headaches. The dull pain can be temporary or persistent, mild or severe.
People with ADPKD may experience the following complications:
Urinary tract infections, especially in the kidney cysts
Hematuria (blood in urine)
Liver and pancreatic cysts
Abnormal heart valves
High blood rpressure
Aneurysms in the brain
Diverticulosis (small pouches bulge outward through the colon)
PKD can cause cysts to develop in other organs, such as liver, brain, heart and pancreas. PKD, based on its genetic mode, can be divided into Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) and Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD). Of the two, ADPKD is the most common form which usually poses symptoms between one’s 30s and 40s. ARPKD, in comparison, is a rare form wherein symptoms begin in earliest months of life, or even in the womb.
When PKD causes the kidneys to fail, usually through years, the patients may need dialysis or kidney transplantation. The earlier it is detected and the better illness condition is controlled, the more people can expect to delay the deterioration and also the easier to remit PKD symptoms and complications.
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