Hyperkalemia is a common renal failure complication that means an abnormal elevated level of potassium in the blood. If uncontrolled timely, extremely high levels of potassium in the blood can cause cardiac arrest or even death. This is why some renal failure patients are eager to know treatment for hyperkalemia in renal failure.
Potassium is an important mineral in our body that controls our nerve and muscle function, and keep our heart beats at a normal rhythm. Normally, the healthy kidney is responsible to help keep potassium range between 3.5 and 5.5 mEq/L. However, in renal failure, nearly all of kidney function has lost so that the potassium level is more likely to become abnormal. In addition, potassium mainly comes from the foods that we eat. Therefore, the treatment for hyperkalemia in renal failure should contain two aspects: limit the high-potassium foods and correct treatment.
Arrange a low-potassium diet
Before arranging your diet plan, you should know how high your potassium level is and then determine how much potassium you should take every day. According to the different contents of potassium, foods what we eat commonly can be divided into two kinds: low-potassium foods and high-potassium foods.
Low-potassium foods: Apple, berries, grape, cranberry, lemon, green beans, onion, bell pepper, mushroom, garlic, etc.
High-potassium foods: Banana, orange, kiwi, mango, prune, artichoke, beet, carrot, potato, spinach, tomato, winter squash, etc.
For people who have hyperkalemia in renal failure, dialysis usually can help them regulate their potassium level, because dialysis is very effective at removing excessive potassium from the blood. However, between two dialysis treatments, their potassium level may rise again, because dialysis can’t help improve kidney function. If you haven’t begun dialysis or your potassium is still higher with dialysis, some treatments such as Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy and Immunotherapy is able to help improve your kidney function so as to avoid dialysis or further dialysis and correct your potassium level.
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