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Overview of Atrophic Kidney in Chronic Kidney Failure

2013-05-17 15:47

Atrophic kidney is a medical term used to describe an illness condition wherein the kidneys are shrinking in size. Also, it occurs easily among people with Chronic Kidney Failure. Here we will give an overview of atrophic kidney in Chronic Kidney Failure.

How does Chronic Kidney Disease Cause atrophic kidney?

Normally, the length of each kidney is 4 to 5 inches and the width is around i inch. In a healthy kidney, nephrons is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney and its chief function is to filter blood, reabsorb nutritions filtered by glomeruli and excrete the rest as urine. In cases of Chronic Kidney Failure, nephrons are damaged and become scarred. Under such a condition, they are unable in working properly and if this condition lasts for a long time, atrophic kidney will occur.

Symptoms of atrophic kidney in Chronic Kidney Failure

Kidneys help to regulate blood pressure, discharge wastes, secrete necessary hormone, produce urine and keep balance of fluid and electrolyte. Therefore, when atrophic kidney is caused by Chronic Kidney Failure, various signs will occur. The followings are the most commonly seen symptoms among people with atrophic kidney:

* High blood pressure

* Anemia which can cause dizziness, shortness of breath, tiredness and

* Decreased urine output or no urine output

* Electrolyte disturbance (hypernatronemia, hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemia)

* Fluid retention

* Abnormal medical tests like high serum creatinine level and high blood urea nitrogen level

Treatment for atrophic kidney in Chronic Kidney Failure

When atrophic kidney is diagnosed, the first thing is to found out how much is the kidney functioning. If unfortunately there is no function left, removing the nonfunctional kidney will be the last option. Whereas, if there are residual kidney function and patients till have some urine output, some Chinese medicine can be adopted to improve blood circulation and increase blood flow in kidney.

Micro-Chinese medicine as of now is the most commonly used medical method for Chronic Kidney Failure patients. It is composed of several herbs which are proven to have function of extending blood vessels, blocking inflammation, preventing coagulation and degrading extracellular matrix. With this treatment, not only atrophic kidney can be alleviated, kidney function can be improved as well.

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